The inhabitants of the District are mostly rural based and agriculture sector is the mainstay of livelihood. As per the 2011 Census, 80.8% of workers in the district are engaged in agriculture as their main vocation. Subsistent traditional agriculture practice and the absence of agri infrastructure and market accessibility have prevented the district from capitalizing the favourable agro climatic opportunities and traditionally practiced organic farming.
At present however, commercial cultivation of products such as Cardamom, long Beans, and horticulture products is gradually picking up. The district has the distinction of practicing traditional organic cultivation.

Industrial Sector

The Lam-den mini hydro project is the only industrial infrastructure project in the district. Located about 16km away from the District Hq, the mini hydro project has a power generation capacity of 1MW. To give a boost to the Look East policy, the Government of India has set up an International Trade Centre at Dan, 30 Km from District Hq.